I didn’t realise that this LO existed – found it when I was looking for a renal topic to post on, as there seem to be a dearth of renal posts on this site.
This is actually an important topic as relatively minor reductions in renal function are associated with worse peri-operative outcome.
I don’t have any kidney photos. Below is the best I could do for the genitourinary system. There are a whole series of these (some much more X rated) on view at MONA
BT_PO 1.71 Explain the effects on anaesthesia on renal function
Any anaesthetic agent which results in a reduction of blood pressure is likely to reduce GFR TRUE/FALSE
Attenuation of the stress response to surgery is renal protective TRUE/FALSE
Volatile anaesthetic agents may provide protection against ischaemia- reperfusion injury of the kidney TRUE/FALSE
IPPV improves renal blood flow TRUE/FALSE
Metabolic acidosis increases the kidneys’ vulnerability to nephrotoxins TRUE/FALSE
Describe how the large daily volume of glomerular filtrate is altered by the kidney to form a relatively low volume of concentrated urine.
BT_PO 1.64 BT_PO 1.67
This question just asks for some basic functions of the kidney
Approximately 80% of the glomerular filtrate is absorbed TRUE/FALSE
The medulla is hyperosmotic due to salt and urea TRUE/FALSE
ADH plays an important role TRUE/FALSE
Urea is actively secreted TRUE/FALSE
The counter-current mechanism creates a hypo-osmotic medulla TRUE/FALSE
Daily glomerular filtration of potassium is approximately 800 mmol/day. TRUE / FALSE
Reabsorption of potassium in the proximal tubule is fixed at 65% of the amount filtered. TRUE / FALSE
Aldosterone controls potassium excretion by altering the amount reabsorbed in the distal tubule. TRUE / FALSE
An increase in plasma potassium concentration directly stimulates the Na-K pumps in the distal tubule, to increase potassium secretion. TRUE / FALSE
During hypokalaemia, the kidneys can achieve zero potassium excretion in the urine. TRUE / FALSE