BT_PO 1.82a Outline basic cellular physiology, in particular …. energy production by metabolic processes in cells
BT_PO 1.83 Describe the physiological consequences of starvation
T / F ketones are produced from the oxidation of free fatty acids
T / F the important role of ketones is as an alternative fuel source to glucose for the brain – this decreases the protein catabolism which occurs via gluconeogenesis
T / F lipolysis is stimulated by insulin, adrenaline, and cortisol
T / F ketones provide a source of acetyl-CoA for use directly in the TCA cycle (structurally, ketones consist of actetyl groups)
T / F in poorly nourished patients (frail elderly, alcoholics etc), a short period of fasting can induce starvation ketoacidosis
I’m not sure that taking ketone pills is a good idea!!
Now that you have thought about ketones….
i) find out if any of the glucometers in your hospital can also measure ketones (if not, how else could you diagnose ketosis?)
ii) how would you treat starvation ketoacidosis in a non-diabetic?